Sarracenia leucophylla occurs in South West Georgia, Northwest Florida, Southern Alabama to Eastern Mississippi. They are among the tallest of the Sarracenia family, easily reaching heights of 3 feet in nature.
Leucophylla will put up pitchers with their blooms each Spring, but the Fall is when these plants really start to show off. As most of the other Sarracenia will be slowing down for the season, Leucophylla will rapidly start pushing up it's largest pitchers yet. Pitchers produced in the Spring are narrower and not as white as pitchers produced in the Fall. The white coloration in the upper portion of this pitcher stands out between the red veins. Under extremely warm conditions, this species may produce phyllodia, pitcherless leaves in the middle of the Summer. The flowers are deep red. Clip off old leaves to make way for flower buds and new leaf growth.
They trap their prey by offering them nectar to sip which is secreted around the lip of the plant and also at the base of the lid. Flying and crawling insects will find the nectar and if they take a wrong step, they will tumble into the pitcher. Once inside, they will find that retreat is impossible, due to short stiff hairs pointing downward. The inside of the pitchers are also very slippery, even to insects with the best traction. Once the insect reaches the bottom it is dissolved by enzymes in the bottom of the pitcher and the nutrient value is absorbed by the plant.
Hardiness zones 6-9, (-5°C/25°F, -20°C/-5°F) in Winter. They can grow well in pure sphagnum moss, live, long fibered or shredded, as well as the standard peat moss/sand which can be anything from 30% to 100% peat moss. There's no need to fertilize, as the plant relies on insects for food. The humidity should be between 60-80%.
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings. Water must be distilled or rain water because they do not tolerate city or hard water. It is a good idea to place a pie pan or large saucer, with about an inch of water in it, under the pot. Elevate the pot by placing pebbles under it so that the base of the pot is barely in contact with the water, not submerged; the growing medium must stay moist, but never soggy. This will keep the humidity around the plant higher and it will ensure that the plant has a constant source of moisture.
They should be grown in bright light, but with protection from full midday sun. In cloudy coastal areas, artificial light is a must. They require seasons in order to survive long term. They need a dormant period of about 3 months in the Winter. The typical heated home is too warm in the Winter. The entire planter may be moved to an area where the temperature will remain at 2-5°C / 35-40°F. During the Winter months, restrict watering somewhat, but never allow the plants to dry completely. If left outside during Winter, protect them from dry freezing wind during deep freezes by covering the plant with black plastic. Uncover the plant when the deep freeze and dry freezing wind is over.