Cashews

Anacardium Occidentale (Cashew Tree Seeds)

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Tropical evergreen tree bearing kidney-shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted.

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The Anacardium Occidentale or Cashew is a tree in the family Anacardiaceae. Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the fruit of the cashew tree, caju, which in turn derives from the indigenous Tupi name, acajú. Originally native to Northeast Brazil, it is now widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew seeds and cashew apples. The tree is small and evergreen, growing to 10-12m (~32 ft) tall, with a short, often irregularly shaped trunk. The leaves are spirally arranged, leathery textured, elliptic to obovate, 4 to 22 cm long and 2 to 15 cm broad, with a smooth margin. The flowers are produced in a panicle or corymb up to 26 cm long, each flower small, pale green at first then turning reddish, with five slender, acute petals 7 to 15 mm long. The fruit of the cashew tree is an accessory fruit (sometimes called a pseudocarp or false fruit). What appears to be the fruit is an oval or pear-shaped structure, a hypocarpium, that develops from the pedicel and the receptacle of the cashew flower.
Label No
Common name Cashew Tree
Family Anacardiaceae
Genus Anacardium
Species Anacardium occidentale
Cultivar No
Therapeutic uses No
Germination Sow in sandy soil, about 5cm deep (2"). Germination usually occurs in 2-4 weeks. It can be more, don't lose faith.
Scarification / Stratification Cashew seeds soaked in water for 24 h and sown at 5 cm depth gave better germination and growth than cracked seeds or those sown at 8 or 12 cm

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