Musa Acuminata (Wild Dwarf Cavendish Banana)

Musa × Paradisiaca Seeds (Banana Seeds)

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The fruits are sources of energy. It contains potassium, proteins, fibers, carbohydrates and an association of vitamins: A, B, B6, C and E...

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Musa × Paradisiaca is a tropical tree-like herb that is native to Southeast Asia and India and cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. Musa Paradisiaca grows up to 30 feet high and produces large leaves and green or greenish-yellow seedless fruits Musa × Paradisiaca is a hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Carl Linnaeus (Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist) originally used the name M. Paradisiaca only for plantains or cooking bananas, but the modern usage includes numerous edible cultivars that have been derived from crosses with this wild seeded variety that are used both for cooking and as dessert bananas. Linnaeus's name for dessert bananas, Musa sapientum, is thus a synonym of Musa × Paradisiaca. The unripe fruit of banana, rich in starch, is cooked as food or dried and ground into flour. The fruit of the plantain (cooking banana) is larger, coarser and less sweet than the kinds that are eaten raw. On ripening of the fruit, the starch turns into sugar. The fruits are sources of energy. It contains potassium, proteins, fibers, carbohydrates and an association of vitamins: A, B, B6, C and E; it is also rich in calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc and folic acid. Hardiness zone: 9 to 11
Label No
Common name French Plantain
Family Musaceae
Genus Musa
Species Musa
Cultivar × Paradisiaca
Therapeutic uses Unripe bananas and plantain fruits are astringent, and used to treat diarrhea. The leaves are used for cough and bronchitis. The roots can arrest hemoptysis and possess strongly astringent and anthelmintic properties. Plantain juice is used as an antidote for snakebite. Other uses are asthma, burns, diabetes, dysentery, excessive menstrual flow, fever, gangrene, gout, headache, hemorrhage, inflammation, insomnia, intestinal parasites, sores, syphilis, tuberculosis, ulcers, and warts. In Suriname's traditional medicine, the red protecting leaves of the bud was used against heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia). Other therapeutic uses were against diarrhea, dysentery, migraine, hypertension, asthma and jaundice.
Germination The seeds are dormant which means that the oil / liquid chamber has dried up and they will float in water. The seeds remain viable for years. There are several methods for germination.

Soak seed in warm water for 24 hours before sowing. Sow seeds 1 inch deep, in pots or trays of moist seed compost. Place in a propagator or warm place, and keep at a constant temperature of between 68-77F. After sowing, do not exclude light as this helps germination. Keep the surface of the compost moist but not waterlogged; germination can take 1 to 6 months and may be slow and erratic. When large enough to handle, transplant seedlings into 7.5cm (3 inch) pots or trays, taking care not to damage the root system. Grow on in well-lit conditions, and pot on plants as required.

Seeds sown at 70-75°F (21-24°C) are slow to germinate and can take 1 week up to two years to emerge.

Another method is to put them into plastic zip seal bags with growing media / vermiculite / sphagnum moss or folded coffee filter. Again one should provide warm temperatures, light and moisture (not too damp).
Scarification / Stratification No

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