Passiflora Actinia (Passion Fruit, Passion Flower)

Passiflora Actinia Seeds (Passion Fruit, Passion Flower)

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Produces masses of sweetly scented flowers as well as edible fruits.

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Passiflora actinia an evergreen vine growing to 10 meters at a fast rate. This species is sometimes cultivated in parts of South America. It may be grown as a houseplant in a sunny South-facing window. Passiflora actinia is an outstanding species that produces masses of sweetly scented flowers in a huge Spring flush starting in April and lasting for months. When September approaches it starts again reblooming for another month or more. Petals and sepals are white or green; the corona is white, banded with mauve and blue. Flowers are about 3.5 inches wide. The flowers open in sunny weather and do not open on dull cloudy days. Fruits of Passiflora actinia are golden-orange when ripe and are edible. The fruits are 4-6", with a delicious, fragrant pulp. The foliage is dark green and oval with a darker underside, up to 4 inches long and 3 inches wide. It is a vigorous grower with slender branches that are easily kept under control. The long tendrils need lots of support for climbing. Grow in sunniest window or greenhouse and provide support of trellis. Pruning is a must to keep the vine healthy. Prune off less vigorous growth and occasionally prune back vigorous growth to promote flowering. When established, and without care, the passion fruit can easily overtake other garden plants, shading them from sun. Hardiness zone 9, (4°C/40°F) in Winter. It has proved to be quite hardy and has come back from 20°F temperatures for a short period. It will do best in a loam based mix with a little peat moss. Passion flowers like full sun and will scramble over trees and shrubs to get it. You may need to water your plants on a daily basis during the hottest Summer months. During the Winter the roots should be kept moist, but as growth will be much slower you will probably only need to water once a week, depending on growing temperature. Fertilize at least once every two weeks in the growing season. If their pot is too large or if they have an unrestricted root run then the whole plant will simply get bigger and bigger but it will refuse to flower and therefore produce the fruits. By limiting the pot size you are limiting the ability to grow and this is seen as a threat, so the natural mechanism is to produce seed for the next generation. A suitably sized pot for an adult plant would generally beof 12 inches indiameter.
Label No
Common name Passiflora Actinia , passion fruit, passion flower
Family No
Genus No
Species Passiflora actinia
Cultivar No
Therapeutic uses No
Germination Soak seed in warm water for 24 hours before sowing, in a good seed compost at 1/4" deep. For Passiflora seeds, instead of using water you can use a high pulp fruit juice such as passion fruit juice or orange juice. The acid in these juices will soften the shell and speed up germination. Keep damp soil, not soaking wet. Keep pot in warm situation 20°C/68°F, 24°C/75°F. Cover the top of the pot with clear plastic so the humidity will remain high.

When you see some tiny plants starting to sprout, slowly open the top of the pot, a little each day, so that the new seedlings don't go into shock from the humidity being lowered too quickly. Germination of Passiflora can occur in weeks or take several months. If you want to speed up germination, you can use the bottom heat technique, but it isn't a must.
Scarification / Stratification If your home is on the low side of 70ºF, your seeds will benefit from bottom heat. Give warmth from underneath to stimulate early growth, and to help seeds to germinate. The ideal situation is to maintain the soil temperature at 70ºF. For this, you use an electric soil warming cable kit, or a heating mat that goes under your flats; or any other source of heat. With the proper temperature, you will cut by 2 or 3 the germination time.

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